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This guide was designed by Aditi Nair, Aubrey Murdock, Jacqueline Castañeda, Molly Rose Kaufman, and Tim Nottage in collaboration with Azalea Vaseghi, Dominic T. Moulden, Douglas Farrand, Gahlia Eden, Mindy Thompson Fullilove, Octavia Driscoll, Ricky Tucker, and Robert Sember.
This project was produced by University of Orange Media and Urbanism Department. The University of Orange is a community organization and free people’s urbanism school that builds collective capacity for people to create more equitable cities.
400 Years of Inequality
The 400 Years of Inequality project was led by a coalition of organizations and individuals dedicated to dismantling structural inequality and building strong, healthy communities. See a full list of organizers, advisors, and partner organizations here.
Across the nation, diverse organizations, institutions, collectives, and groups of neighbors answered the 400 Years of Inequality call to observe 2019 as the 400th anniversary of African Peoples being brought to Jamestown in bondage. Each of these groups asked “what is ours to do?” and hosted an observance that spoke to the history of their place and their community’s dreams for the future. We want to thank every group that chose to host an observance. You can read more about each of these observances on the 400 Years of Inequality website
Contemplating 400 Years: Seven Generations Meditation
The meditation featuring Dr. Angel Acosta and Dr. Margaux Simmons was recorded and engineered by Assaf Gidron with support from Douglas Farrand.
1. 400 Years of Inequality Timeline
The 400 Years Timeline was created through the research of students in the 400 Years of Inequality class at The New School, taught by Dr. Mindy Thompson Fullilove, in Spring and Fall of 2017: Rawan Albaghli, Bailey Baerwolf, Lisa Banfield, Heather Beck, Divya Bhardwaj, Sherian Feaster Rumbidzai Joyline Gostosa Alfred Hutchinson Gabriel Kissoon, Taylor Morton, Evelyn Ontaneda, Amu Ptah-Riojas, Zion Sage, Gamal Walker, Shahad Ibrahim O Almubarak, Katherine Dillard Gonzalez, Octavia Driscoll, Monae Evans, Nicola Roxann Hutchinson Scott, Mana Jhaveri, Metehan Karakaya, Ana Reichenbach, Mylanie Sanchez, and John Steele. Design by Paul Beasley and Tim Nottage.
2. Reverend Barber’s Seven Sins of Inequality in the U.S.
Stolen Hands, Stolen Lands: From 1619 to a Just Future was produced by the 400 Years of Inequality National Organizing Committee, Union Theological Seminary, and The Riverside Church. More about the event and a description of the program can be found here.
The Stolen Hands, Stolen Lands: A People’s Observance for a Just Future booklet was created by Aditi Nair, Robert Sember, and Tim Nottage.
3. Finding What We’re FOR & Fighting for What We Love
Finding What We’re FOR & Fighting for What We Love is an exhibit featuring the photographs of Dominic T. Moulden. Moulden was the University of Orange 2019-2020 Ernest Thompson Fellow for Program and Coalition.
The Finding What We’re FOR activity was developed and adapted for different audiences by Aubrey Murdock, Dominic T. Moulden, and Molly Rose Kaufman.
4. Moral Fusion Coalition is Collective Recovery
The Collective Recovery framework was developed by the Cities Research Group. Cities Research Group Collective Recovery work is currently housed at the University of Orange Collective Recovery Committee.
Meditative Interlude Video Credits
Organizations, institutions, collectives, and groups of neighbors hosted over 150 observances in 2019. We want to thank every group that chose to host an observance. You can read more about these observances on our response (link) page.
Between each section of this guide, there is a video interlude that features a place-based observance hosted in 2019. You will find information about each observance and its documentation below. Additional audio work by Dr. Margaux Simmons and Douglas Farrand.
National Organization of Minority Architects (NOMA), New York chapter; BLACKSPACE NYC; New York Coalition of Black Architects
Weeksville Heritage Center, Brooklyn, New York / October 16, 2019
Featured: Observance Organizers & Students from Mott Hall Bridges Academy (MHBA)
Cinematography: Carlos Neira & Chuck Astuto
Community-engaged artist performance envisioned and organized by artist Dread Scott.
From the River Parishes to Congo Square, New Orleans, Louisiana / November 8-9, 2019
Featured: Reenactors in period specific clothing
Cinematography: Charlie Steiner
Inwood Candlelight Vigil
Organized in partnership by the Upper Manhattan Interfaith Leaders Coalition; The Justice, Peace & Integrity of Creation Ministry of Church of the Good Shepherd; Nadema Agard Red Earth Studio C/P; Regiven Environmental Project
Inwood neighborhood of Manhattan, New York / October 17, 2019
Featured: Organizers leading community members from Inwood Park to an unmarked burial site discovered in their neighborhood
Cinematography: Miguel Garzón Martínez
Created by Havanna Fisher. Produced in partnership with The New School Centennial Committee and the 400 Years of Inequality National Organizing Committee
The New School, Manhattan, New York / October 4, 2019
Featured: Choreography by Havanna Fisher; performances by Havanna Fisher, Diana Uribe, Isabella Jackson, Jean Wakati, Marianna Noguera-Devers & Na’ilah Harris
Footage: Documentation by Dakoit Pictures under the direction of The New School
With music from 1619 - 2019 Remembering Rosa: A Concert for Peace
Performance by Orange’s Intergenerational Community Choir. Organized by University of Orange
Rosa Parks Central Community School, Orange, New Jersey / December 5, 2019